s

Educational Scenario

Formal Education in Mizoram started with the arrival of Christian Missionaries. It was the Christian Missionaries who abridged Mizo language into writing. In doing so they adopted Roman scripts in 1894. For more than half of the 20th Century, i.e. from 1895 to 1952, the Church through Honorary Inspector of Schools looked after Elementary Education. The important landmarks in the field of education in Mizoram are given below:

Sl No Events Year
1 First Primary School
2 At Aizawl 1898
3 At Rural Areas 1901
4 Opening of the First Upper Primary School  1907
5 Opening of the First High School 1944
6 Establishments of the First College 1958
7 First PSLC Examination 1903
8 First MSLC Examination 1909
9 First Matriculation Examination 1948
10 Establishments of the First College of Teachers Edn. 1975
11 Establishment of Mizoram Board of School Edn. 1975
12 12. Establishment of SCERT 1980
13 Establishment of Mizoram University 2000
14 14. Establishment of ICFAI in the State 2005
15  Establishment of 6 Mini DIETs in the State 2005
16  Addition of Class VIII to Middle School  2010
17  RTE Act 2009 has been successfully implemented since 1st April, 2010

                         The above events or landmark facts clearly establish the fact that Mizoram is a late starter in the field of general education. Starting with a literacy rate of 0.9% in 1901 census, Mizoram achieved a literacy of 89.4% in 2011 census. With the implementation of Eradication of Residual Literary Project, which is proposed to be completed by mid 2006. It is expected to achieve higher percentage literacy.

                        All schools and colleges in Mizoram were established by the community, which in turn were taken over by the Government on merit of the case. The zeal and enthusiasm of the community in establishing and opening of educational institutions is quite encouraging. This spirit could be the harbinger towards achieving the goal of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

 Status of Elementary Education in Mizoram:

                        Progress overview of the status of Elementary Education based on DISE Data for the year 2015-16 are as given below –

                        There are 2343 government and govt. aided schools in 2015-16.

 School by Management

S. No

Block/ Municipal Area

Primary and Upper Primary

Govt. including local bodies

Govt. aided

Unaided Private

Total Govt. and Aided schools

Recognized

Unrecognized

1

Aizawl

479

23

377

0

502

2

Champhai

262

5

161

0

267

3

Kolasib

164

5

84

0

169

4

Lawngtlai

375

0

113

0

375

5

Lunglei

426

25

185

5

451

6

Mamit

254

7

85

0

261

7

Saiha

183

4

34

0

187

8

Serchhip

122

9

74

0

131

Total

2265

78

1113

5

2343

                         Projected child Population and enrolment with out of school children:

Primary - 6 - 10 years age group

S. No.

Name of Block/

Child Population as per Census 2011

Enrolment as per U-DISE 2014

Out of School Children as per House Hold Survey

 Municipal Area

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

1

Aizawl

18061

17754

35815

17505

17210

34715

28

23

51

2

Champhai

7240

7023

14263

7100

6754

13854

8

8

16

3

Kolasib

4846

4611

9457

6063

5490

11553

101

120

221

4

Lawngtlai

7968

7682

15650

9016

7708

16724

380

319

699

5

Lunglei

8779

8442

17221

9715

8897

18612

221

290

511

6

Mamit

5358

5303

10661

6374

5920

12294

61

67

128

7

Saiha

3284

3085

6369

3756

3366

7122

43

48

91

8

Serchhip

3297

3154

6451

3092

2931

6023

13

9

22

Total

58833

57054

115887

62621

58276

120897

855

884

1739

 Upper Primary - 11- 14 years age group

S. No.

Name of Block/

Child Population as per Census 2011

Enrolment as per U-DISE 2014

Out of School Children as per House Hold Survey

 Municipal Area

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

1

Aizawl

15145

15072

30217

15733

15443

31176

27

21

48

2

Champhai

5899

5752

11651

6119

5800

11919

46

63

109

3

Kolasib

3829

3648

7477

4010

3809

7819

61

54

115

4

Lawngtlai

6452

5922

12374

5607

4551

10158

212

191

403

5

Lunglei

7602

7242

14844

7135

6410

13545

216

232

448

6

Mamit

4233

4078

8311

4284

3652

7936

50

49

99

7

Saiha

2676

2620

5296

2719

2694

5413

44

42

86

8

Serchhip

2837

2799

5636

2826

2628

5454

38

31

69

Total

48673

47133

95806

48433

44987

93420

694

683

1377

 GER & NER in Elementary Level

GER

NER

 

 

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

 

PS

106.44

102.14

104.32

90.34

86.45

88.42

UPS

99.51

95.45

97.51

82.10

79.40

80.78

 

 Percentage of underage and overage children to total enrolment

Year

Primary level

Upper primary level

Under-age

Over-age

Total grossness

Under-age

Over-age

Total grossness

2015-16

7774

18518

26292

1731

20641

22372

12.41%

31.75%

21.73%

3.57%

45.84%

23.92%

                         During 2015-16, 3510 out of school children have been mainstreamed in regular schools. In 2015-16 there are 3537 out of school children which are continuing and newly identified.

Detail of Out of School Children to be covered during 2016-17:

Sl. No.

District

6 to 10

11 to 14

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

1

Aizawl

28

23

51

27

21

48

2

Champhai

8

8

16

46

63

109

3

Kolasib

101

120

221

61

54

115

4

Lawngtlai

380

319

699

212

191

403

5

Lunglei

328

417

745

331

331

662

6

Mamit

61

67

128

50

49

99

7

Saiha

43

48

91

44

42

86

8

Serchhip

13

9

22

23

19

42

TOTAL

962

1011

1973

794

770

1564

                    The pupil-teacher ratio in the elementary stage of Mizoram is very low as compared to the RTE norms. There are only a few school having adverse PTR and adverse SCR as tabled below:

District Name

Primary

Upper Primary

Primary

Upper Primary

Total Schools

Total Primary Schools with adverse PTR

% of Schools with adverse PTR

Total Schools

Total No of UP Schools with adverse PTR

% of Schools with adverse PTR

Total Schools

Total Primary Schools with adverse SCR

% of Schools with adverse SCR

Total Schools

Total No of UP Schools with adverse SCR

% of Schools with adverse SCR

Aizawl

273

12

12%

206

0

0%

273

4

4%

206

2

2%

Champhai

145

19

19%

117

0

0%

145

2

2%

117

5

5%

Kolasib

90

29

29%

74

0

0%

90

8

8%

74

3

3%

Lawngtlai

224

22

22%

151

1

1%

224

2

2%

151

0

0%

Lunglei

257

39

39%

169

0

0%

257

3

3%

169

1

1%

Mamit

149

40

40%

105

3

3%

149

4

4%

105

4

4%

Saiha

107

0

0%

76

0

0%

107

1

1%

76

0

0%

Serchhip

69

2

2%

53

0

0%

69

0

0%

53

0

0%